MAYADENAWA

Asal - usul Tukad Petanu diceritakan dalam kisah Mayadenawa, yang menjadi landasan hari Raya Galungan. 

 

The origins of the Tukad Petanu river are told in the story of Mayadenawa, which is the foundation of Bali’s annual day of reverence, Galungan.

Kisah
Prabu Mayadenawa

Jaman dahulu tersebutlah seorang Raja keturunan Raksasa yang sangat sakti dan berkuasa bernama Mayadenawa. Dengan kesaktiannya, ia mampu berubah wujud menjadi apa saja. Mayadenawa menguasai daerah yang luas meliputi Makasar, Sumbawa, Bugis, Lombok dan Blambangan. 

 

Raja ini terkenal kejam dan tidak mengijinkan rakyatnya untuk memuja dewa serta menghancurkan semua pura yang ada. Gagal panen dan kekurangan pangan dan penyakit terjadi. Rakyat tidak berani melawan karena kesaktian Mayadenawa. 

 

Lalu tersebut pula seorang pendeta bernama Mpu Kulputih. Beliau yang sedih melihat melihat kondisi rakyat akhirnya melakukan semedi di Pura Besakih memohon petujuk para Dewa untuk mengatasi Mayadenawa. Dewa Mahadewa kemudian memerintahkan beliau pergi menuju Jambu Dwipa (India) untuk meminta bantuan.

 

Singkat cerita, bantuan pasukan datang dari India dan kahyangan untuk memerangi Mayadenawa dipimpin oleh Dewa Indra. Namun Mayadenawa sudah mengetahui kedatangan pasukan ini berkat banyaknya mata-mata. Perang dashyat pun terjadi dengan korban berjatuhan di kedua belah pihak. Akhirnya pasukan Mayadenawa kocar-kacir dan melarikan diri meninggalkan sang raja. Namun Mayadenawa belum mau menyerah begitu saja. Pada malam hari di saat jeda perang, Mayadenawa diam-diam menyusup ke tempat pasukan kahyangan dan memberi racun pada sumber air mereka. Agar tidak ketahuan, Mayadenawa berjalan hanya dengan menggunakan sisi kakinya. Tempat inilah yang kemudian dikenal dengan Tampak Siring.

 

Pagi harinya, pasukan kahyangan meminum air dan keracunan. Dewa Indra tahu racun berasal dari sumber air, sehingga beliau menciptakan mata air baru yang sekarang dikenal dengan Tirta Empul. Berkat Tirta empul, semua pasukan yang keracunan bisa pulih kembali. Sungai yang terbentuk dari Tirta Empul kemudian dikenal dengan nama Tukad Pakerisan.

 

Dewa Indra mengejar Mayadenawa yang nelarikan diri dengan pembantunya. Dalam pelarian, Mayadenawa sempat mengubah wujudnya menjadi Manuk Raya (burung besar). Tempatnya berubah wujud sekarang dikenal dengan Desa Manukaya. Namun Dewa Indra terlalu sakti untuk dikelabui sehingga selalu mengetahui keberadaan Mayadenawa walaupun sudah berubah wujud berkali-kali. Sampai akhirnya Dewa Indra mampu membunuh Mayadenawa. Darah Mayadenawa mengalir dan menjadi sungai yang dikenal dengan Tukad Petanu. Sungai ini konon telah dikutuk. Bila airnya digunakan untuk mengairi sawah, padi akan tumbuh lebih cepat namun darah akan keluar di saat panen dan mengeluarkan bau. Kutukan akan berakhir setelah 1000 tahun.

 

Kemenangan Dewa Indra atas Mayadenawa kemudian menjadi simbol kemenangan kebaikan (Dharma) melawan kejahatan (Adharma) yang diperingati sebagai Hari Galungan yang dirayakan setiap tahun Bali (210 hari) sebagai hari sukacita, yang mengingatkan kita semua akan kemenangan kebaikan atas kejahatan.

The Story of
King Mayadenawa

Once upon a time, there was a powerful king, Mayadenawa, who reigned from Blingkang, a few kilometers north of Batur Lake in Kintamani, Bangli. Mayadenawa was a powerful king, who also ruled Makasar, Sumbawa, areas of Sulawesi, Lombok, and Blambangan.

 

King Mayadenawa was a descendant of a powerful giant Daitya and the Goddess Danu. He had magical power and could transform himself into various creatures, but his extraordinary supernatural powers, made him arrogant and evil. Through his delusions he forbade the Balinese people to worship God, and destroyed many shrines and temples. Crops failed and food shortages and diseases ensued. The people suffered terribly, but they did not have the courage to fight the evil king because of his magical powers.

 

Mpu Kul Putih, a powerful Hindu priest, took compassion upon the people. He meditated at Besakih Temple asking God for guidance. In his meditation, he was instructed to go to Jambu Dwipa (India) where he would find the help he sought.

 

After the journey was undertaken, an army led by the God of War, Bhatara Indra, descended from heaven to battle the evil Mayadenawa. The right wing of Dewa Indra’s army was led by Citrasena and Citragada and the left wing by Sangjayantaka, while Gandarwa led the supporting platoon, the main platoon was lead by Bhatara Indra hiself. Dewa Indra sent Bhagawan Narada to spy on Mayadenawa’s Kingdom.

 

A dreadful war ensued, resulting in many casualties on both sides, however, Dewa Indra’s army was by far stronger, and Mayadenawa’s troops ran off and left Mayadenawa and his right hand, Kala Wong.

 

Night fell and while Dewa Indra’s troops were sleeping, Mayadenawa created ‘Tirtha Cetik’ (poisonous water). He sneaked away with his feet angled so as not to leave recognizable footprints on the ground. The area where he passed is now known as ‘Tampaksiring’ which literally means angled footsteps - Tampak means the sole of foot, and siring means angled.

 

The toxic waters poisoned Dewa Indra’s troops, so Dewa Indra drove a stick deep into the ground from which sprang forth the holy spring of healing waters, called Tirta Empul, which was used to raise the fallen army. 

 

Tirta Empul is to this day protected and revered at the renowned Tirta Empul temple in the Tampaksiring regency. 

 

Dewa Indra’s army then hunted down Mayadenawa, who transformed himself into several creatures to avoid capture. The area where he transformed into ‘Manuk Raya’, an enormous bird, is now called Manukaya village. Where he disguised himself as ‘Buah Timbul’, a type of vegetables, is now Timbul village. Where he transformed into ‘Busung’, young coconut leaves, is now Blusung village, and the place where he turned into a angel (Bidadari) is now known as Kedewatan village. 

 

Finally, Mayadenawa transformed himself into a huge rock after which Dewa Indra shot him dead with a holy arrow. The evil king’s blood carved out a river called Tukad Petanu (the Petanu River). It is believed that the river was cursed and that if it was used to irrigate rice field, the paddies would seep bad smelling blood. This curse was to last for 1,000 years. 

 

Dewa Indra’s victory over the evil king was celebrated as the first ‘Galungan’. The meaning of Galungan is the victory of ‘Dharma’ universal truth and kindness over ‘Adharma’ its opposite. To this day Galungan is celebrated every Balinese year (210 days) as a day of joy, that reminds us all of the ultimate victory of good over evil.

  • Black YouTube Icon
  • Black Google+ Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon